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Terahertz: Innovation in Biomedical Applications

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José Manuel

Partner, Prife International

Terahercios Innovación en Aplicaciones Biomédicas

More and more scientists and professors are joining the exploration of terahertz (THz) technology in the field of health. Among these are renowned researchers of the stature of:

Olga P. Cherkasova , 1,2 Danil S. Serdyukov, 1,3 Eugenia F. Nemova, 1 Alex S. Ratushnyak, 4 Anna S. Kucheryavenko, 5,6 Irina N. Dolganova , 5,7 Guofu Xu, 8 Maksim Skorobogatiy , 8 Igor V. Reshetov, 7,9 Peter S. Timashev , 7,10 Igor E. Spektor, 6 Kirill I. Zaytsev, 6,7,11Valery V. Tuchin 12,13,14

1 Institute of Laser Physics of SB RAS (Russian Federation)
2 Univ. Novosibirsk State Technique. (Russian Federation)
3 Federal Research Center. “Crystallography and Photonics” of RAS (Russian Federation).
4 Institute of Computing Technologies SB RAS (Russian Federation)
5 Institute of Solid State Physics RAS (Russian Federation)
6 A. M. Prokhorov Institute of General Physics of RAS (Russian Federation)
7 I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University. (Russian Federation)
8 Polytechnique Montréal (Canada)
9 Academy of Postgraduate Education FSCC FMBA (Russian Federation)
10 Semenov Institute of Chemical Physics RAS (Russian Federation)
11 Bauman Moscow State Technical University. (Russian Federation)
12 Saratov State University. (Russian Federation)
13 Institute of Control and Precision Mechanics, RAS (Russian Federation)
14 National Research Univ. Tomsk State. (Russian Federation)

Growing Interest in Terahertz Radiation

During the last few decades, there has been a growing interest in biomedical applications of terahertz (THz) radiation.

This radiation has a frequency range of 0.1 to 3.0 THz, corresponding to wavelengths ranging from about 3 millimeters in free space to 100 micrometers.

In terms of energy, this radiation has quantum energies of approximately 0.3 to 10 meV.

JBO 26 9 090902 f003

This interest has been driven by the rapid progress in THz technology. Numerous research articles have highlighted the potential of THz technology in early, less invasive, non-invasive and real-time diagnosis of malignant and benign neoplasms with different nosologies and locations.

Recent Advances in THz Effects on Biological Systems

Research results in the field of the effects of THz waves on biological systems of different levels of organization, such as biomolecules, cells and organisms, have recently been discussed.

Despite the large amount of data accumulated in this exciting line of research, we still possess rather limited knowledge about the biological effects of THz waves.

Therefore, this review summarizes the up-to-date knowledge in the area of cellular exposure to THz radiation and paves the way towards THz dosimetry and therapeutic pathways.

Conclusion on terahertz technology

In conclusion, the latest discoveries in the terahertz range indicate a promising revolution in the research and application of biomedical technologies.

As researchers continue to delve deeper into their study, we are likely to see significant changes in the way we approach the diagnosis and treatment of a number of diseases and disorders.

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